Agent Based Simulations for the Estimation of Sustainability Indicators

We present a methodology to improve the estimation of several Sustainability Indicators based on the measurement of walking distance to infrastructures combining Agent Based Simulation with Volunteer Geographic Information. Joining these two forces we construct a more realistic and accurate distribution of the infrastructures based on knowledge created by citizens and their perceptions instead of official data sources. A Situated Multi-Agent System is in charge of simulating not only the functional disparity and sociodemographic characteristics of the population but also the geographic reality in a dynamic way. Namely, the system will analyze different geographic barriers for each collective bringing new possibilities to improve the assessment of the needs of the population for a more sustainable development of the city. In this article we will describe the methodology to carry on several sustainability indicator measurements and present the results of the proposed methodology applied to several municipalities.